A diet high in complex carbohydrates and fibre (found only in plant foods) but low in fat is the best dietry description for controlling obesity, heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Plant-based diets can also help reduce insulin requirements. Scientific studies of Californian Seventh Day Adventists show that vegetarians have a number of health benefits including at least two years greater longevity on average compared to even low meat eaters.
Oxford University research findings into the benefits of a vegetarian diet found that vegetarians have lower body fat levels and are less likely to die of heart disease. In addition, vegetarians have a lower risk of constipation and appendicitis. Also it has been found that vegetarians have higher telomerase activity, a process thought to be important to aging-related diseases. (telomerase is an enzyme that helps preserve the ends of chromosomes)
Professor Claus Leitzmann, a retired nutrition researcher from the University of Fiessen, extends the benefits of plant based diets to include lower risk of